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Table 3 Measurement invariance of SPF-IRI across gender groups based on ESEM

From: Factorial validity and measurement invariance across gender groups of the German version of the Interpersonal Reactivity Index

MGCFA comparisonEqual parametersdfχ2ΔdfΔχ2CFITLIRMSEA [CI90]SRMRAICBIC
M1Configural invariance 124701.96**.940.884.057 [.053–.061].024107655108729
M2Metric invariance1172679.47**4851.53.947.927.045 [.042–.049].029107637108424
M3Scalar invariance1,2184743.52**1265.50**.942.924.046 [.043–.049].032107680108395
M4Strict invariance1,2,3200815.79**1671.98**.936.923.046 [.043–.050].047107731108351
M5Structural: (co)variances1,2,3,4210832.57**1018.43*.935.926.045 [.042–.049].053107733108294
M6Structural: means1,2,3,4,5214997.05**4179.93**.919.909.050 [.047–.054].069107907108443
  1. Note: Model fit: *p < .05, **p < .001. Accepted model printed in bold. χ2 values are Satorra-Bentler scaled. Equal parameters: 1 = loadings, 2 = intercepts, 3 = residuals, 4 = (co)variances, 5 = latent means