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Table 1 Wording of English-language SOP2 items

From: The Optimism–Pessimism Short Scale–2 (SOP2): a comprehensive validation of the English-language adaptation

No. Item Polarity
1 The next question deals with optimism. Optimists are people who look to the future with confidence and who mostly expect good things to happen. How would you describe yourself? How optimistic are you in general? +
2 The next question is about pessimism. Pessimists are people who are full of doubt when they look to the future and who mostly expect bad things to happen. How would you describe yourself? How pessimistic are you in general?
  1. Note. The items are not preceded by a general instruction. Rather, each item begins with a brief definition of the respective construct, in order to ensure that all respondents understand the terms optimism and pessimism in the same way