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Table 4 Descriptive statistics by nation for the SOP2 items

From: The Optimism–Pessimism Short Scale–2 (SOP2): a comprehensive validation of the English-language adaptation

  M SD Skewness Kurtosis
UK DE UK DE UK DE UK DE
Aggregate scale score 4.41 4.64 1.41 1.36 −0.39 −0.35 −0.20 −0.43
Item 1 4.50 4.71 1.55 1.44 −0.56 −0.50 −0.19 −0.20
Item 2 4.32 4.57 1.69 1.56 −0.22 −0.30 −0.90 −0.75
  1. Note. The rating scale ranged from 1 (low) to 7 (high). UK = United Kingdom (N = 468), DE = Germany (N = 474)